Today’s Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, or CCJS, report entitled, “Police Reported Crime Statistics in Canada, 2016” shows that Regina, like many other Canadian Census Metropolitan Areas, experienced an increase in police-reported crime and crime severity last year.
Regina – 2015 to 2016 comparisons:
|Crime Severity Index – 2015||Crime Severity Index – 2016||% change & ranking among CMAs||Crime Rate – 2015||Crime Rate – 2016||% change & ranking among CMAs|
|109.6||125.8||+15%, #1||8,319||9,253||+11%, #1|
The attached supplemental report highlights the year-over-year comparisons of crime in Regina, expressed as overall Total Crime Rate and Crime Severity Index. There are also graphs illustrating an eleven-year (2006-2016) statistical picture in Regina, showing Regina-to-Regina comparisons in overall crime rate and selected crime categories. A PDF summary, also attached, includes graph comparisons which includes eighteen years (1998-2016) of Crime Severity Index data.
To assist the reader:
A Census Metropolitan Area, or CMA, refers to an urban core and its surrounding area with:
- a total population of 100,000 or more,
- and at least 50,000 people residing within the urban core itself.
The Regina CMA includes the City of Regina as well as the communities of Lumsden, Regina Beach, Belle Plaine, Pense, Rowatt, Richardson, White City, Pilot Butte, Balgonie and Edenwold.
The CCJS report presents statistics showing Crime Rate, which is a measure of the number of crimes per 100,000 population within a given period of time. Total Crime Rate is further divided into categories to indicate Violent Crime Rate and Property Crime Rate.
Since 2009, Statistics Canada has also adopted the Crime Severity Index which compares both volume and seriousness of offences between regions. Unlike the Crime Rate, the Crime Severity Index accounts for the seriousness of crime by assigning crime types“weights” based on conviction rates and lengths of sentences – a Homicide would therefore have a much greater effect on the Crime Severity Index than a single Theft. The Crime Severity Index is also comprised of two categories: the Violent Crime Severity Index and the Non-violent Crime Severity Index.
The accompanying report summarizes the changes in Crime Rate and Crime Severity, and the Violent and Non-Violent categories of each, for the Regina CMA from 2013 to 2014. The report also shows trends over an eleven-year period (2006-2016) in the Regina CMA for Crime Rate and Crime Severity (and the sub-categories of Violent and Non-Violent crime) as well as selected crime classes.